congo river facts

It is also the deepest river on the planet, and it is over 700 feet deep. Diego Cao was the first European known to find and enter the Congo River. The Congo River is known as the deepest river in the world, with depths greater than 720 feet. It rises in the highlands of northeastern Zambia between Lakes Tanganyika and Nyasa (Malawi) as the Chambeshi River at an elevation of 5,760 feet (1,760 We have gathered 12 amazing facts about this resource-rich country to help you get informed. The Congo River may be the main transportation source in this Central Africa region. Opportunities for the Congo River and its tributaries to generate hydropower are therefore enormous. The Congo river is famous for being the deepest and the ninth longest river in the world by discharge. Congo River - Congo River - Animal life: The animal life of the Congo basin is identified to a certain extent with that of the equatorial forest, which is sharply distinct from the wildlife of the savannas. They also fish in the Congo River. 1. The River Congo is 2,900 miles (4,700 km) long making it the second l ongest river in Africa after Nile and the ninth longest river in the world.In terms of discharge, the Congo had an average annual discharge of around 41,200 m 3 /s (1,454,964.27 cubic ft/s). The river has cut deep into the ocean floor, and the brown of its silt-filled waters may be seen 30 miles (50 kilometers) out to sea. French is the country’s official language. The people living along the Congo River use the water to irrigate their crops which often include cotton, sugarcane, and tobacco. Its overall length of 4,700 km (2,922 miles) makes it the second longest in Africa (after the Nile).The river and its tributaries flow through the second largest rain forest area in the world, second only to the Amazon Rainforest in South America.. They are The Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of the Congo. The Congo River flows through seven countries in Central Africa. The largest river in Africa. It is the second longest river in Africa, after the Nile . According to the discharge volume, it is the second largest river. Diego Cao, in 1482 was the first European known to look and enter the Congo Lake. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Its deepest spot measured to be 720 ft (220 m). The Congo River is the second-longest river in Africa and the largest river in the world by discharge. These cataracts render the Congo unnavigable between the seaport of Matadi, at the head of the Congo estuary, and Malebo Pool, a lakelike expansion of the river. The Congo River takes the crown for being the largest river in Africa. Major tributaries range from the Aruwimi, Lomami and Kasai rivers. There are some animals which are only found here, including the Congo peafowl, dryas monkey and bonobo. Professor of Geography, University of Paris I. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. 22 Congo River Facts for Kids. It is the second longest river in Africa, after the Nile . The turbulent lower Congo River, home to hundreds of fish species, is not only Earth's deepest river; it also presents biologists with an intriguing window into evolution. The countries include the Democratic Republic of and also Congo and also the Republic of the Congo. LOCATION AND SIZE. Because the river flows near the Equator, the area around it is extremely hot. The Congo River was formerly known as Zaire River. The Congo-Lualaba-Chambeshi Riversystem has an overall length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi), which makes … 50 per cent of the Congo Basin forest has now been allocated for logging. The Congo River that flows through the forest is the second largest river in the world. The second longest river in Africa is explained on Facts about the River Congo. Other interesting animals in Congo rainforest are the okapi, African forest elephants, dryas monkey, Allen’s swamp monkey, Congo peafola, and aqutic genet. This means that this river is so large it crosses two different large countries. 1. [2] It is the second largest river in the world by volume of water discharged. Major tributaries include the Aruwimi, kasai, and Lomami rivers. It is also the deepest river in the world, with parts of it over 700 feet deep. The Congo River flows through the countries of Congo and also the Democratic Republic of Congo within the central Africa, but its tributaries drain huge parts of land in Angola, Zambia, Tanzania, Central Africa and Cameroon. Top Answer. Though some impact measurements depend on anecdotal evidence and observation, precise science and engineering has settled some questions. Introduction. Additionally, its overall length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi) makes it the ninth longest river. While the Chambeshi River, as the remotest source, may form the Congo’s original main stream in terms of the river’s length, it is another tributary—the Lualaba, which rises near Musofi in southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo—that carries the greatest quantity of water and thus may be considered as forming the Congo’s original main stream in terms of water volume. The river along with all the streams that lead with it provides over 14, 500 kilometers navigable shipping routes in Central Africa. River Tanganyika and Lake Mweru as well feed the river. Though some impact measurements depend on anecdotal evidence and observation, precise science and engineering has settled some questions. We can say that Congo River is the most powerful river in Africa. The Congo River is the world’s deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 meters (720 feet). The Congo River is a river in Africa and the world’s deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft). The Congo River shaped approximately 1.5 to 2 million years ago during the Pleistocene period of time. Major tributaries range from the Aruwimi, Lomami and Kasai rivers.”. Interesting facts about the Congo River December 31, 2017 December 30, 2017 admintag The Congo River, which flows mainly through the territory of the country of the same name, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is a real miracle of nature. 10. The river runs through the Congo rain forest which is the second largest rain forest in the world. The Congo River, which flows mainly through the territory of the country of the same name, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is a real miracle of nature. Omissions? The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DROC, formerly known as Zaire) is … 8. On average 100, 400 thousand cubic feet of water flows to the Atlantic Ocean every second through the river. Congo River. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Congo River (also known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Africa. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Congo River - The Congo River in the past also known as the Zaire River is a river in Africa, and is the deepest river in the world, with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft).It is the third largest river in the world by volume of water discharged. It is also the world's deepest recorded river, with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft). In 1997, the country was renamed to the Democratic Republic of the Congo by Laurent Desire Kabila. Congo River and forest- Top Facts you should Know. The Congo’s source is in the highlands of northeastern Zambia, and it flows into the Atlantic Ocean at Banane, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its overall length of 4,700 km (2,922 miles) makes it the second longest in Africa (after the Nile).The river and its tributaries flow through the second largest rain forest area in the world, second only to the Amazon Rainforest in South America.. The most distant part of the Congo can be found in the mountains of north eastern Zambia all around Lake Tanganyika, where the Congo River’s longest tributary will start, named the River Chambeshi. At 1.34 million square mi (3.46 million square km), the Congo River basin is the second-largest drainage basin in the world and receives an average of 60 in (152 cm) of rain annually. 2. It rises in the highlands of northeastern Zambia between Lakes Tanganyika and Nyasa (Malawi) as the Chambeshi River at an elevation of 5,760 feet (1,760 metres) above sea level and at a distance of about 430 miles (700 km) from the Indian Ocean. The Congo river supports an extraordinary diversity of species and habitats. The river lazily meanders through the Congo Basin, picking up an immense amount of water from the Rainforest. The river forms the vast majority of the border between Zaire and also the Republic of Congo and drains greater than 1, 600, 000 square miles of land. They … It is 4, 667 kilometers (2, 900 miles) long. The quiz and worksheet let you check your understanding of Congo River facts. The Congo River is a long, arcing river with a basin that spans nine countries in West-Central Africa. The Congo rainforest may be the second largest on the planet after the Amazon jungle. 11 12 13. Facts about Congo Rainforest 5: the animal in the river. The Congo’s source is at the highlands of north-east of Zambia, it flows into the Atlantic Ocean at Banane, within the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Congo River, despite having its depth vary from section to section, has the depth in some areas extending beyond 220 metres (720 feet). During the rainy season over 50,000 cubic metres (1,800,000 cu ft) of water per second flow into the Atlantic Ocean. According to the discharge volume, it is the second largest river. 8. It has within its bank 30 waterfalls and a huge number of islands, at least 50 of which are more than 10 miles long. Congo River Facts. The Congo River: Facts and History The Congo River winds through millenia of myth, tragedy, triumph and history in the making. The Congo is one of the deepest rivers in the world with parts of it reaching depths of greater than 220 meters (720 feet)! The river water is most relied upon for irrigating crops such as tobacco, cotton, sugarcane and peanut, plants known to thrive in the very humid conditions that blanket the river areas. Author of. The Congo River is the largest river in western Central Africa and the most powerful on the continent. Is it correct to state that the Congo begins in the “ALTAI MOUNTAINS”? It flows approximately 3,685 kilometers (2,290 miles) across Russia and empties into the Caspian Sea. Mouth - Atlantic Ocean. It begins at the junction of the Lualaba and Luvua rivers, in the Altai Mountains, and flows southwest to the Atlantic Ocean. “The Congo River is the spine of our country,” says Isidore Ndaywel è Nziem, a professor of history at the University of Kinshasa. Henry Morton Stanley published about his journey down the river in a book called The Dark Continent, in the year 1878. From Cairo to Khartoum, sort out this facts in this African odyssey. Congo is the world’s second-largest rainforest located on the African continent. Upstream from Malebo Pool, the Congo basin receives an average of about 60 inches (1,500 mm) of rain a year, of which more than one-fourth is discharged into the Atlantic. It drains a region of about 1, 335, 000 square miles. The Congo River’s sources are in the highlands and mountains with the East African Rift, also Lake Tanganyika and River Mweru. Roman Catholicism takes a… It was only in the early years of the 18th century that the river was first called the “Rio Congo,” a name taken from the kingdom of Kongo that had been situated along the lower course of the river. There are more than 5 good facts on the Congo River. The river forms the vast majority of the border between Zaire and also the Republic of Congo and drains greater than 1, 600, 000 square miles of land. The river water is most relied upon for irrigating crops such as tobacco, cotton, sugarcane and peanut, plants known to thrive in the very humid conditions that blanket the river areas. Approximately seven hundred fish species have been recorded moving into the Congo River. Within this equatorial domain, the Congo and its principal tributaries form a separate ecological milieu. The Congo River (also known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Africa. There are approximately 40 hydropower plants on the river that utilize this power to provide energy for the African continent. The River flows to the Atlantic Ocean at Muanda, within the Democratic Republic of Congo. Christianity is the majority religion in the DRC, followed by about 95% of the population. The Congo River, formerly known as the Zaire, with its tributaries drains more than 1,600,000 square miles (4,100,000 square kilometers) in the heart of tropical Africa. Formerly Zaire River. Other interesting animals in Congo rainforest are the okapi, African forest elephants, dryas monkey, Allen’s swamp monkey, Congo peafola, and aqutic genet. Facts about African Rivers 10: the length. Wiki User Answered . Congo River facts on depth, length, and conditions all contribute to the way the river is used. There are at least 41,000 cubic feet of water flowing in the river. 10. The Congo River (Kongo: Nzâdi Kôngo, French: Congo fleuve, Portuguese: Rio Congo), formerly known as the Zaire River during the dictatorship of Mobutu Sese Seko, is the second longest river in Africa, shorter only than the Nile, as well as the second largest river in the world by discharge volume, following only the Amazon. The Congo River has a size of 0.5 to 10 miles. The Republic of Congo is situated on the north side of the Congo River, whereas the Democratic Republic of Congo is situated on the opposite side. 9. 50 per cent of the Congo Basin forest has now been allocated for logging. Facts About the Congo River Each major river has its own distinctions, whether it is their contribution to the economy of an area, or to the cultures that surround the waters. In the past in the DRC, people would not just live anywhere. In 1880, French colonizers started arriving in Congo. 5. Quite a few cataracts (large or high waterfalls), dangerous rapids, and numerous islands can make the navigation difficult or impossible in certain areas of the river. With a length of 2,900 miles (4,700 km), it is the continent’s second longest river, after the Nile. Other facts about the Congo River. It reaches depths of over 750 feet (230 meters). (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Nice information this allowed me to get my information and work done and in so very thankful!! People live next to the river and in the river basin as well. “The Congo River is the spine of our country,” says Isidore Ndaywel è Nziem, a professor of history at the University of Kinshasa. It was on opposite banks of Malebo Pool—which represents the point of departure of inland navigation—that the capitals of the former states of the French Congo and the Belgian Congo were founded: on the left bank Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville), now the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and on the right bank Brazzaville, now the capital of the Republic of the Congo. The Congo is one of the deepest rivers in the world with depths sometimes exceeding 220 meters (720 feet). The Congo River is a watercourse that flows through Central Africa. Congo River, formerly Zaire River, river in west-central Africa. With its many tributaries, the Congo forms the continent’s largest network of navigable waterways. The length of the Congo and its longest headstream is about 3,000 miles (5,000 kilometers). What are facts about the Congo river? In order … The Congo River is also known as the Zaire River. 3. Congo River is the second longest in Africa, after the River Nile and has a discharge of 1, 500, 000 cubic feet. The Congo River can be an extremely powerful river; and it’s also the most powerful river in Africa. 2012-01-25 20:23:32 2012-01-25 20:23:32. 4. With a length of 2,900 miles (4,700 km), it is the continent’s second longest river, after the Nile. Although this continent is full of natural resources and diverse wildlife, how much do you really know about Africa? See the fact file below for more information on the Congo River or alternatively, you can download our 20-page Congo River worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment. The river runs through the Congo rainforest which may be the second largest rain forest on the planet. Congo River is the second longest in Africa, after the River Nile and has a discharge of just 1, 500, 000 cubic feet. Map of the Kingdom of Kongo, 1711 #2 Congo is the second largest river in the world by discharge volume. Its drainage basin, covering an area of 1,335,000 square miles (3,457,000 square km), takes in almost the entire territory of that country, as well as most of the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, eastern Zambia, and northern Angola and parts of Cameroon and Tanzania. Livingstone Falls, named after the well known explorer, David Livingstone, is one of the most impressive sights of the river. Congo River, river in west-central Africa. Did not know that the Altai Mountains are in this part of the world. As we all obviously know, the first one is the great Amazon rainforest in South America. As we all obviously know, the first one is the great Amazon rainforest in South America. The river also features within the year 1995 in a movie called Congo (based form the Michael Crichton book). Navigability, however, is limited by an insurmountable obstacle: a series of 32 cataracts over the river’s lower course, including the famous Inga Falls. The Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo Republic or Congo-Brazzaville, is a country located in Central Africa. The river and also the surrounding banks are home into a rich variety of fauna including the animals I mentioned up (bonobos, hippos, manatees, crocodiles, elephants and at very least 700 species of sea creatures) and since scientists haven’t had a good look at all stretches with the river yet so there can be many more. Opportunities for the Congo River and its tributaries to generate hydropower are therefore enormous. The Congo River is a long, arcing river with a basin that spans nine countries in West-Central Africa. The Congo River has a size of 0.5 to 10 miles. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. It is also known as the Zaire River. The drainage basin of the Congo is, however, only about half the size of that of the Amazon, and the Congo’s rate of flow—1,450,000 cubic feet (41,000 cubic metres) per second at its mouth—is considerably less than the Amazon’s flow of more than 6,180,000 cubic feet (175,000 cubic metres) per second. The Congo River is the deepest river in the world. When the river first became known to Europeans at the end of the 15th century, they called it the Zaire, a corruption of a word that is variously given as nzari, nzali, njali, nzaddi, and niadi and that simply means “river” in local African languages. Quiz & Worksheet Goals. It reaches depths of over 750 feet (230 meters). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 12. Its course then takes the form of a giant counterclockwise arc, flowing to the northwest, west, and southwest before draining into the Atlantic Ocean at Banana (Banane) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Answer. During the period (1971–97) when the Democratic Republic of the Congo was called Zaire, the government also renamed the river the Zaire. A large amount of the property surrounding the river is tropical rain forest and is home to hundreds of all kinds of animals, pigs, water snakes, including hippos, crocodiles, manatees, tortoises, elephants, and to 200 species of sea creatures. Environment, Landmarks / By EE Editor. “The Congo River or also known as the world’s eighth-longest river (2, 914 miles), begins at the junction of Lualaba and Luvua rivers, in the Altai Mountain, and flows southwest towards the Atlantic Ocean. In the falls there are several waterfalls and rapids, stretching for over 200 miles and still have as much power as all of the waterfalls and rivers in the United States combined. With gasoline-powered barges, nevertheless, comes pollution. Other facts about the Congo River. The Congo River: Facts and History The Congo River winds through millenia of myth, tragedy, triumph and history in the making. The overall length of Congo-Chambeshi River is measured at 2,920 miles or 4,700 kilometers. The Congo Basin is the only place to shelter all three subspecies of gorilla: the lowland gorilla, the endemic eastern lowland gorilla and the endangered mountain gorilla. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. We wish you Good Health. 9. It is not an uncommon sight to see a barge that is transporting wood or fuel or other things. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Introduction. Facts About the Congo River Each major river has its own distinctions, whether it is their contribution to the economy of an area, or to the cultures that surround the waters. [2] It is the second largest river in the world by volume of water discharged. The Congo River is the most powerful river in Africa. The country was initially named Zaire in 1971, by Mobutu Sese Seko, the country president. Facts about African Rivers 9: the most powerful river. The Congo is the deepest river in the world. Its overall length of 2,900 miles (4,667 kilometers) makes it the second-longest in Africa (after the Nile).It is the fifth-longest river in the world, draining a basin of nearly 1.5 million square miles. How is the ecological health and diversity of the river intertwined with the wellbeing of the communities that live alongside it? The Congo is the world's eighth-longest river at 2,914 miles long. The Congo is one of the deepest rivers in the world with depths sometimes exceeding 220 meters (720 feet). The overall length of Congo-Chambeshi River is measured at 2,920 miles or 4,700 kilometers. Additionally, its overall length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi) makes it the ninth longest river. Potentially, the Congo River could supply electricity to all of sub-Saharan Africa. Congo River - The Congo River in the past also known as the Zaire River is a river in Africa, and is the deepest river in the world, with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft).It is the third largest river in the world by volume of water discharged. But exiting the basin, it falls down steeper terrain and the powerful currents cut deep underwater canyons. Congo River is the second-longest in Africa, after the River Nile and has a discharge of 1, 500, 000 cubic feet. The Congo River is also the world’s deepest river ever recorded. The Congo River is the largest river in western Central Africa and the most powerful on the continent. Given it tributaries drain areas north and south with the Equator, and its related rain-belt, it’s always raining somewhere within the Congo’s drainage basin. The Congo River and one of its tributaries, the Ubangi, form most of the boundary between the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire). Congo River - Congo River - Animal life: The animal life of the Congo basin is identified to a certain extent with that of the equatorial forest, which is sharply distinct from the wildlife of the savannas. It’s home to more mammals, birds and fishes and than any other part of Africa. Quick Facts About Congo River. A great amount of goods are transported from the river every day. The Congo River was also known as Zaire River during the Mobutu regime, and it is the second-longest river in Africa next to the Nile River. Interesting facts about the Congo River December 31, 2017 December 30, 2017 admintag The Congo River, which flows mainly through the territory of the country of the same name, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is a real miracle of nature. It is the second longest river in Africa (The longest being River Nile). The Amazon and the Congo are the two great rivers of the world that flow out of equatorial zones where heavy rainfall occurs throughout all or almost all of the year. The depth of River Congo reaches 720 feet or 220 metres. The Congo is the only major river to cross the equator twice; The Congo has the third largest drainage basin on Earth after the Amazon and Rio Plata basins. The river gets its name through the Kingdom of Congo which has been a vast, independent West African Nation that existed in the best part of 500 years, from the fourteenth millennium onwards, although its territory changed after some time as historians of these areas will tell you. It is not all tropical rainforest, even though some parts of the surrounding land are full of long grass called “barnyard grass.” Many animals graze in the tall grass, including buffalo, antelopes, zebras, gazelles ect. Here are some facts about the Congo River. Insects like mosquitoes and gnats are common in the hot, humid conditions. Environment, Landmarks / By EE Editor. 10 of Africa’s most amazing Tourist places you must visit, Richest Person In Kenya And Top 10 Wealthy Kenyans, Turkey is to completely erase all Somalia’s debts to the IMF, 10 trending Kaftan outfit ideas for grooms-to-be, 5 highest paid African football players in 2020, The 10 Best Africans In The English Premier League, 16 Reasons Why You Should Visit South Africa For The Holidays, Botswana police ranked Africa’s best, Nigeria at bottom of global report, Isabel dos Santos only African on Forbes 2017 ‘100 most powerful women’. In the Mesozoic period before the continental drift opened the South Atlantic Ocean, the Congo was the upper part of a river about 12,000 km (7,500 miles) long that flowed west across the parts of Gondwanaland, now called Africa and South America. Today, however, the Congo appears as the key to the economic development of the central African interior. Facts about Congo Rainforest 5: the animal in the river. The Congo River that flows through the forest is the second largest river in the world. To the literary-minded the river is evocative of the famous 1902 short story “Heart of Darkness” by Joseph Conrad. The longest river in Europe is the Volga. The Congo River is a river in Africa and the world’s deepest river with measured depths in excess of 220 m (720 ft). We make the epic journey from Kinshasha, capital of the DRC, to Kisangani, the third largest city in this vast country. The Congo River, the 9th longest river on the planet, is 2, 920 miles. 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Birds and fishes and than any other part of the unique animals that you can view the... “ heart of Africa for about 2,900 miles ( 4,700 km ), it is 4, 667 kilometers 2,290! To news, offers, and Lomami rivers feet or 220 metres was renamed to the way river! Are named after the river Nile ) next to the Democratic Republic of the river Nile has!, is 2, 900 miles ) long Top facts you should know at the junction of the most river! Also Europe ’ s second-largest rainforest located on the planet, and it is extremely hot Zaire )..., also Lake Tanganyika and river Mweru some questions it flows approximately 3,685 kilometers ( 2 920! Cotton, sugarcane, and conditions all contribute to the discharge volume winds! Unique animals that you can view in the DRC, followed by about 95 % of the communities live... Is a watercourse that flows through Central Africa and the ninth longest,. Not know that the Altai mountains are in this Central Africa the crown for being the river! Flow into the Congo river is a watercourse that flows through the forest is second. The Aruwimi, Lomami and Kasai rivers. ” famous 1902 short story “ heart of Africa per flow! Deepest and the largest river in the world ’ s largest network of navigable waterways engineering has some! Equator twice has settled some questions amazing facts about the congo river facts runs through forest... Economic development of the Kingdom of Kongo, 1711 # 2 Congo is the second largest the. Second largest rain forest on the planet, is 2, 920 miles n't forget to,... Along the Congo river facts an extremely powerful river in the world, with of. Kisangani, the Congo river is so large it crosses Two different large countries facts..., by Mobutu Sese Seko, the Congo river is famous for being the deepest on.

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