kingdom of judah

Although the first titular king of Judah, he was the third king to reign in Jerusalem. ro:Regatul Iuda simple:Judah The Kingdom of Judah ( Hebrew: מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה ‎, Mamlekhet Yehuda) was a state established in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age. The biblical story of Judah and Israel is, for many people, the history of God's Providence. Shortly after the schism, a raid of Shishak of Egypt forced Judah briefly into submission. Only then would the Jews — for thus would the people of Judah be called henceforth — be allowed to return to Jerusalem, rebuild their Temple, and await the coming of a true king, the Messiah, the son of David. Families honored Astarte, the Queen of Heaven, by baking cakes and making drink offerings to her (Jeremiah 7:18). This secured a direct trade route to western Arabia, as well access to Red Sea trade through the Gulf of Aqaba. Finally, a large number of Christian and Jewish scholars accept some of the findings of historical criticism regarding the Kingdom of Judah but insist that the contribution of Ethical Monotheism to civilization outweighs the negative aspects mentioned above. Josiah's eldest son, Eliakim, replaced him, ruling at Necho's pleasure as "Jehoiakim." It is often referred to as the "Southern Kingdom" to distinguish it from the northern Kingdom of Israel. In the end, says the bible, Judah was not pure enough to stand in God's sight. After Rehoboam reigned three years, the United Kingdom of Israel was divided in two – the northern Kingdom of Israel under Jeroboam, with its capital, first in Shechem, then Penuel, Tirzah, and finally Samaria, and ruled by a series of dynasties beginning with Jeroboam; and the southern Kingdom of Judah with its capital still in Jerusalem and ruled by the House of David. After Hezekiah died at a comparatively young age (697/687 B.C.E. For this period, most historians follow the chronology established either by William F. Albright, Edwin R. Thiele, or Gershon Galil, all of which are shown below. Several Judean kings receive praise from the biblical writers, but even the good kings who destroyed the temples of Baal and tore down the "Ashera poles" did not go far enough, for they failed to destroy "high places" where unauthorized priests operated. ), the priestly party regained the upper hand. Thereafter the kings of Judah prosper in war and peace when they "walk in the ways of [their] father David" and eschew to "sin of Jeroboam" (1 Kings 12:29-30). Origins. Once again the Judeans rebelled. mk:Јудејско царство A school of Yahwist prophets arose in opposition to this association, because of its corrupting effect on Judah's religious and moral purity. Rehoboam harshly rejected the request, and the northern tribes revolted (2 Chronicles 10). ), the reign of his son, Manasseh, fared poorly. Judah's army gained limited success under brief reign of King Abijah (Abijam). ), the prosperity of Judah was renewed. Manasseh relaxed the religious restrictions instituted by his father, and Judah remained the vassal of Assyria. And it may not come at all until Jesus returns to claim His kingdom fully and restore His people to Himself. This sin was not his rebellion against the anointed king, Rehoboam, for that had been prophesied and even endorsed by God through Ahijah (1 Kings 11:31). Only the Kingdom of Judah is Left in the Land of Israel. The story told by Sennacherib himself in the "Taylor Prism," discovered in the ruins of the city of Nineveh, is quite different (see sidebar). zh-min-nan:Iû-tāi Ông-kok Pub. Ahaziah's mother, the aforementioned northern princess Athaliah, then carried out a bloody coup in Jerusalem, thus becoming the first and only ruling queen of Judah. Shishak's forces plundered both the city and the Temple but apparently did little lasting harm. 28-29). Abijah and his people defeated them with a great slaughter, so that 500,000 chosen men of Israel fell slain: No 24 WA21946, The Babylonian Chronicles, The British Museum, The Oxford History of the Biblical World, ed. Quoting Sennacharib of Assyria: "Because Hezekiah, king of Judah, would not submit to my yoke, I came up against him, and by force of arms and by the might of my power I took forty-six of his strong fenced cities...Hezekiah himself I shut up in Jerusalem, his capital city, like a bird in a cage. The fate of the kingdom of Judah is a central topic of the Hebrew Bible. According to the Bible the Kingdom of Judah along with its neighbor the Kingdom Israel were born out of the United Monarchy. It is replete with legendary and mythological material, as well as being highly biased toward the viewpoint of the Yahweh-only religious faction in Jerusalem. The current nation of Israel is still largely made up of the original southern kingdom of Judah, while the tribes of the northern kingdom remain scattered. In Jerusalem, archaeologists have made an important discovery that is providing new insights into the biblical Kingdom of Judah. Tel Arad was a small military post on the southern border of the kingdom of Judah; its built-up area was about 20,000 square feet and it housed between 20 and 30 soldiers. Although praised by the the bible (I Kings 22:41-44) for commendable devotion to Yahweh, Jehoshaphat strengthened the alliance by marrying his son Jehoram to Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and his Phoenician queen, Jezebel. The Bible briefly admits (2 Kings 18-19) that Sennacharib succeeded in conquering much of Judah. Shishak's forces plundered both the city and the Temple but apparently did little lasting harm. Jehoshaphat (enthroned 873/870 B.C.E. A period of civil war followed, with a unified kingdom emerging under the monarchy of David and Solomon, according to the biblical account. Shortly after the schism, a raid of Shishak of Egypt forced Judah briefly into submission. Kingdom of Judah Background. The name Judah itself means Praise of God. sm:Le Malo o Iuta The Kingdom of Judah ( Hebrew: מַלְכּוּת יְהוּדָה, Modern Malkut Yəhuda Tiberian Malkûṯ … mi:Kīngitanga o Hura Its capital was Jerusalem. zh:猶大王國. Even in the capital, the idea that God alone should be worshiped failed to take root. Jehoash's son Amaziah reconquered Edom, which had been lost under Jehoram. The Kingdom of Judah (Hebrew: מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה, Mamlekhet Iehuda) was a state established in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age. Feminist critics add that this portrayal of Judah's history arises from male chauvinist writers who sought to repress women in general and goddess worship in particular. According to the Bible the Kingdom of Judah along with its neighbor the Kingdom Israel were born out of the United Monarchy. In the early years of King Josiah (641/640 B.C.E. son, also named Jehoram, ascended the throne of the kingdom of Judah. In 607 B.C.E. Kingdom of Judah Background. Josiah presented himself as God's champion, aiming to purge the nation of the moral and spiritual corruption that had infested it as a result of Canaanite influence. Hezekiah, son of Ahaz, is much praised by the biblical sources for enacting religious reforms that favored the Yahweh-only ethic of the Jerusalem priesthood and the prophet Isaiah. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. ceb:Huda It exaggerates the wickedness of "Canaanite" religion, unfairly denigrates the Northern Kingdom, and favors the priestly elites of Jerusalem at the expense of their geographical and religious competitors. Hundreds of seals have been unearthed and so have some pagan figurines and this seems to confirm the Biblical narrative about the Kingdom of Judah. He and his entire court, including leading figures of the priesthood such as the future prophet Ezekiel, were deported. The Syrian power soon declined, however, and Judah now began a period of prosperity, which finally made it one of the area's leading kingdoms. Although the first titular king of Judah, he was the third king to reign in Jerusalem. The Southern Kingdom thereafter represented his better half, demonstrating a greater degree of faithfulness to God, while the Northern Kingdom fell into a consistent pattern of tolerating and practicing idolatry. He died soon thereafter with Jerusalem under siege. Male shrine prostitutes operated not only outside of Jerusalem, but even in the Temple itself in Josiah's day (2 Kings 23:7). sh:Kraljevstvo Juda However, around 700 B.C.E., he unwisely joined in a military coalition against Assyria. The northern king, Pekah, allied with Rezin of Damascus in the face of the Assyrian threat. ... /.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 16 the fall of.htm. hak:Yù-thai Vòng-koet Nineveh fell to the Medes, and much of the territory between Niniveh and the Mediterranean came under the new Babylonian monarchy. An accurate history of Judah and Israel, if possible at all, must be painstakingly distilled from this magnificent work of religious historiography. Thus ended the royal house of David and the kingdom of Judah. During this time, Judah and Israel occasionally cooperated against their common enemies, especially the Syrian power centering on Damascus. While such may have been the political and economic realities, the author of Kings makes it clear that the root cause of the division was spiritual, resulting from King Solomon's sin of idolatry. pt:Reino de Judá

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