There is no prefix. ; The acid name comes from the root name of the anion name. For example, table salt, or sodium chloride, consists of the Na + cation bonded to the Cl-anion to form NaCl. SO4-, sulfate ion. Since all these acids have the same cation, H +, we don't need to name the cation. ; HCl, which contains the anion chloride, is called hydrochloric acid. By convention, the cation name and formula are listed before the anion name and formula. The monatomic anions are named by adding -ide to the root of the name of the nonmetal that forms the anion. Monatomic Anion Names . The names of the anions are below . Names for such acids consist of the prefix “hydro-“, the first syllable of the anion… This water is called water of hydration. The name of the acid is the root of the anion followed by the suffix -ic. There is no prefix. Note. The base name for sulfur containing oxyacid is sulfur-instead of just sulf-. In simple binary acids, one ion is attached to hydrogen. SO42-, sulfate ion. For example, N 3-is the nitride ion. What is the name and formula for the anion corresponding to sulfuric acid, H2SO4? Acids are named based on their anion — the ion attached to the hydrogen. The resulting compound carries a neutral electrical charge. SO32-, sulfate ion. SO32-, sulfite ion. The name of the acid is the root of the anion followed by the suffix -ous. Rules for Naming Acids that Do Not Contain Oxygen in the Anion:. The prefix hydro-and the suffix -ic are then added to the root name of the anion. Salts are hygroscopic, or tend to pick up water. b. Oxyanions with -ate ending. Convert between the structure of an acid or base and its chemical name; Key Points. A B; CO3 2-carbonate ion: H2CO3: carbonic acid: HCO3-hydrogen carbonate acid: SiO3 2-Silicate ion: NO3-nitrate ion: HNO3: nitric acid: NO2-nitrite ion: HNO2-nitrous acid Sulfuric acid (American spelling) or sulphuric acid (British spelling), also known as oil of vitriol, is a mineral acid composed of the elements sulfur, oxygen and hydrogen, with molecular formula H 2 SO 4.It is a colourless, odourless, and viscous liquid that is soluble in water and is synthesized in reactions that are highly exothermic..
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