Troina fell on August 6. The OOB provides a breakdown of Italian and German forces. For the next few months the Allies would fight determined German troops that remained on Sicily and try to push them off the Island. On July 10th 1943 approximately 26,000 Canadian soldiers came ashore the southern beaches of Sicily. The Anglo-American invasion and capture of Sicily was a vital stepping-stone for the campaign in Italy, although the Allies were at fault in failing to prevent the Axis from successfully evacuating their best divisions from the island to continue the defensive battle on the mainland. By July 24 Benito Mussolini the leader of the fascist regime in Italy was overthrown and arrested and a new provisional government that opposed the alliance with Germany was setup and immediately started secret discussions with the Allies about peace. The Battle of Sicily: How the Allies Lost Their Chance … Commanded by Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, the Germans skillfully used the island’s mountainous terrain to carry out an effective delaying operation. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Battle of Sicily, also known as Operation Husky, was the first move in the Italian Campaign and it marked Canada's first move in World War II. By the next day Italian troops already began withdrawing from Sicily and even Hitler instructed his men to start withdrawal but to continue fighting the Allied forces when they encounter them. After the Allies won the campaign against the Axis in North Africa, with most of the forces that battled in North Africa now available the Allies had to plan their next move. The few German troops on Sicily were quickly reinforced to a total of four elite divisions, along with a substantial Italian force. The Sicily campaign had cost the Allies nearly 25,000 casualties. The Allies’ Italian Campaign began with the invasion of Sicily in July 1943. The battle lasted 38 days, and as a result, the Allies drove the Axis powers from Sicily, and the Allies advanced to take over Italy's mainland. Based on GMT's "The Battle for Normandy", the system moves to the 1943 invasion of Sicily by Allied forces. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Although Hitler insisted that Sicily must be held at all costs, Kesselring soon realized that he must abandon the island if his German formations and their valuable weapons and equipment were not to be lost to the Allies. A detailed order of battle of Axis forces in Sicily during Operation Husky in July, 1943. The Allies’ drive toward Messina then took the form…, …July 1943 the Allies invaded Sicily, and within a few weeks they controlled the island. Premium Membership is now 50% off! The original plan was to invade France, why they chose Italy… The most comprehensive treatments of the campaign can be found in two books, Albert N. Garland and Howard McGaw Smyth, Sicily and the Surrender of Italy (1965) and Carlo D'Este, Bitter Victory, The Battle for Sicily, 1943 (1988). After they had beaten Italy and German in North Africa, the Allies planned their next step, the invasion of occupied Europe and finally defeating Germany and putting an end to the long and costly World War 2. The leading allied powers (United States, Great Britain and Canada) plan to invade Sicily in early January 1943, which was decided by the Western Allies. The USAAF also reported 28 killed, 88 missing and 41 wounded.Canadian forces had suffered 2,310 cas… Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? The battle began on the night of 9 July, 1943, and ended 17 August in an Allied victory. Sure enough that intelligence made it all the way to Adolf Hitler, who would go on to study the plans to the smallest detail.