scottish referendum 2019

Referendums . , are adamant about the direction they want that swing to take. "[37], On 13 October 2016, Sturgeon announced that an Independence Referendum Bill will be published for consultation the following week. “So, what do we have to lose?”. It's hard to see how dragging Scotland back down the rabbit hole of a debate on independence is going to improve our schools." First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has asked the Scottish Parliament if she can pursue a second independence referendum. [80], Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, Following the EU referendum result, Sturgeon said she would communicate to all EU member states that Scotland had voted to stay in the EU. Support for Scottish independence has crept up slightly in the last five years and is nowneck-and-neck with those who favor remaining part of the union. Of course, there’s no guarantee that an independent Scotland would automatically be welcomed back into the EU. But how? [96], In April 2017, a report for the European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs was published to look at the implications on the UK's withdrawal from the European Union on Scotland, Wales and Gibraltar and their future relations with the EU. In the last election here in 2017 Gethins won by just two votes, following three recounts, and admits “there was quite a lot of stuff going on at the time” given his wife had just had their baby the week before. Most of Brown’s customers come from Scotland or America, where he says kilts are a popular choice for weddings. "[120], A spokesperson speaking on behalf of Cameron's successor as Conservative Party Leader and Prime Minister, Theresa May, said in October 2016: "The prime minister and the government does not believe that there is a mandate for [a second referendum]. [7] Ruth Davidson later appeared at a press conference in Edinburgh and stated her position that "we will maintain that it should not take place when there is no clear public and political consent for it to happen". "[86] Manfred Weber, leader of the European People's Party Group, and Guy Verhofstadt, leader of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group, indicated that they were supportive of Scotland remaining an EU member. It’s best known abroad as the place where Prince William started dating Kate, and as the “home of golf” thanks to the 600-year-old course that dominates the rugged landscape. [33][34] Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said it was "clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union" and that Scotland had "spoken decisively" with a "strong, unequivocal" vote to remain in the European Union. The Scottish Government has proposed holding a second referendum on Scottish independence from the United Kingdom (UK). Both are English, which they say “lends itself to unionism a little bit.”. The SNP remained as the third-largest party in the UK House of Commons with its representation reduced to 35 of the total 59 Scottish MPs. [4], First Minister Nicola Sturgeon gained approval of the Scottish Parliament to seek a Section 30 order under the Scotland Act 1998 to hold an independence referendum "when the shape of the UK's Brexit deal will become clear". [22], The 2015 UK general election was held on 7 May almost eight months after the independence referendum was held. Only a Labour government would grant a Scottish referendum. [21], Though the proposal for Scotland to become an independent country was voted down in 2014, the referendum resulted in the Scottish Parliament gaining additional powers through the Scotland Act 2016, which increased the devolved powers in areas such as taxation and some aspects of welfare provision. “It’s Brexit which is isolationist, which takes us into the unknown,” says Gethins. [78] This Act makes changes to who is eligible to vote in elections and referenda under the remit of the Scottish Parliament. Despite the political turmoil of the ensuing three years, Brown believes Boris Johnson is the prime minister to finally deliver Brexit. Scotland rejected independence at a 2014 referendum, 55% to 45%. But circumstances have changed dramatically since then, according to the Scottish National Party (SNP) -- the third-largest party in the UK Parliament. 5 Those who are subject to a legal incapacity to vote . ... rail stations for 2019-20. 24 April 2019. Now he has the chance to transform the UK, Hardline Hindus are pushing the Indian government's agenda on British voters, Everything you need to know about the UK general election on December 12. 2019 Boris Johnson becomes prime minister, pledging to take Britain out of the EU on 31 October, deal or no deal.  Experts say that’s largely down to a four-party system not seen in England. Surrounded by rows and rows of multicolored kilts, fox furs, and traditional silver brooches, Brown scoffs at the prospect of ever voting SNP. [70][71][72][73][74] Under the Sewel Convention, the Scottish Government is able to issue a "legislative consent motion," which would signal to the United Kingdom Parliament that Scottish Government has deemed it necessary to alter a law enacted by the UK Government or to change the scope of the devolved government's powers in some manner.[75]. Britain’s fishing industry has been vocal in favor of leaving the EU. and that the Scottish Government should focus on its domestic agenda. With just over a week until the election, opinion polls are predicting a Conservative majority in the UK. The SNP currently controls 35 of Scotland’s 59 constituencies -– every seat they could gain in this election would strengthen their negotiating hand for an independence referendum. From the top, gazing in one direction, the sea stretches towards Europe. The first minister used to claim that that was her priority too—how times have changed. The Bill was passed by the Scottish Parliament on 19 December 2019[77] and received royal assent on 29 January 2020. Even in a close constituency like North East Fife, some voters are still backing outside parties. [85], Sturgeon also met European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker, who commented that "I will listen carefully to what the first minister will tell me... but we don't have the intention, neither Donald Tusk nor myself, to interfere in an inner British process that is not our duty and this is not our job. That said, the polls predicted the same outcome in the 2017 election – instead, the Tories failed to achieve that majority. These polls have been carried out since six weeks after the referendum. [57] Sturgeon's intention was for the referendum to be held in 2020. [132] During the spring there was essentially equal support for the two options, however from June onwards polling showed a consistent lead for "Yes". [110] The pro-union organisation Scotland in Union has suggested that an independent Scotland within the EU would face trade barriers with a post-Brexit UK and face additional costs for re-entry to the EU.[109]. No battle will be fiercer than that fought in the constituency of North East Fife. St Andrews, Scotland --It’s a bitterly cold November day in the Scottish town of St Andrews, the kind of morning when the grass crackles underfoot like broken glass. The town’s prestigious university also has a reputation, Scottish commentators told CNN, as the place where wealthy English and American students go when they don’t get into Oxford or Cambridge. [85] David Edward, a former justice of the European Court of Justice, suggested that these arrangements would relate to policy areas that have been devolved to Scotland. This is the most marginal seat in the UK: In the 2017 election, the SNP won by just two votes against the Liberal Democrats. [66], Support for independence reached record levels during 2020. The elections to the Scottish Parliament took place on 5 May 2016, seven weeks before the holding of the EU Referendum. According to the Growth Commission, Scotland would seek an open migration policy to allow for its population to grow. [13][14] The proposed UK referendum on EU membership had already been announced, and was a topic of discussion in the independence debate. [44] Opposition to a second referendum is one of the issues that former SNP MP Angus Robertson and Scottish Conservative leader Ruth Davidson have attributed to reduced support for the SNP. [118], Former Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn said in March 2017 that a referendum would be "absolutely fine" and that "I don't think it's the job of Westminster or the Labour Party to prevent people holding referenda." This amended version established that it is now SNP policy for an independent Scotland to create a new currency at the earliest feasible point of independence to enable fiscal sovereignty, with Pound Sterling being a transitional currency for Scotland. “It’s pretty unusual for there to be an election during term time,” says the university’s student president, Jamie Rodney, who has been part of a campus-wide drive encouraging young people to register to vote. Instead, she said, the deficit would drop under an independent Scotland finally able to fully control its finances. [48] This dropped to 33% in 2017. [107] Scotland's GDP remains at 17.6% lower than in February 2020 despite small levels of growth since the easing of lockdown restrictions. Prime Minister Boris Johnson is on a collision course with Scotland’s leader Nicola Sturgeon over the future of the U.K. Sturgeon says Scotland needs a new referendum on whether to … [122], Scottish Labour leader Richard Leonard is against an independence referendum. [52] First Minister Sturgeon also announced the establishment of a 'Social Justice Commission' to develop the social argument for independence to complement the SNP's new economic policy.[53]. Scottish leader Nicola Sturgeon on Thursday warned the United Kingdom that she wants the second referendum "in the earlier part" of the next Scottish parliament, which begins next year. Indeed, the St Andrews students said the Scottish independence movement as a whole had been “very supportive” of Catalan activists, flying their flags at rallies and vice versa. "[43], Sturgeon stated: "Undoubtedly the issue of an independence referendum was a factor in this election result, but I think there were other factors in this election result as well". In their manifesto, the SNP said the following in response to the Conservatives' manifesto pledge promising a referendum on EU membership by the end of 2017 if elected:[23]. However, it affirmed that Scotland's independence would have to be accepted by the United Kingdom for Scotland to obtain EU membership: "There now seems to be a consensus that, were Scotland to become independent by legal means, it could join the [European] Union". [1], Ahead of the 2016 Scottish Parliament election, the pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP) said that a second independence referendum should be held if there was a material change of circumstances since the 2014 referendum, and specified one of those as the UK leaving the European Union ("Brexit"). [86] Similarly, the French President, François Hollande, stated: "The negotiations will be conducted with the United Kingdom, not with a part of the United Kingdom". [65] Five months later, Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Government was planning a new draft referendum bill. They gather outside cafes handing out political flyers, all too aware that in a constituency where just two votes decided the winner last time around, they could make all the difference. Even the North East Fife’s Conservative candidate, Tony Miklinski, admits that “Boris does alienate some Scottish voters.”, The Prime Minister is “easily portrayed as the cartoon character, Eton-educated toff who’s out of touch with the working class, and with the people of Scotland.”. The report suggested that Scotland would be unlikely to be rejected as a member of the EU, should it become independent, noting that "not since de Gaulle’s veto on UK membership in the 1960s has a democratic country respecting the rule of law been refused admission". [59][61], Nicola Sturgeon's request for a referendum was rejected by the UK government in January 2020. The current Scottish Government intends to seek a Section 30 order or an amendment to the Scotland Act 1998 to ensure that the result of a future referendum can be indisputably binding. “Independence is not about ‘oh we hate the English,’” says 22-year-old Scot and pro-independence campaigner Iona Fraser-Collins. [111] This was re-affirmed in the Scottish Parliament on 29 January 2020 when the Greens voted with the government for a referendum to be held. Scottish leader Nicola Sturgeon said an independence referendum that could wrench apart the United Kingdom after Brexit should take place … With many seats in Scotland resting on razor-thin margins, this will be the scene of a fierce battle that could have major consequences for the future of the UK. [...] But there were also political difficulties", referring to Catalonia in member state Spain. This generally tends to show independence supporters favouring a referendum, with those against independence being against one. Professor John Curtice stated in January 2012 that polling had shown support for independence at between 32% and 38% of the Scottish population. The party specified that their preferred method of showing support for a referendum was via a public petition, although their manifesto didn't clarify how many signatories there would have to be to receive their support:[27]. #EUref", "Scotland welcome to join EU, Merkel ally says", "Brexit: Scottish independence 'simplest EU option, "Brexit: PM is 'willing to listen to options' on Scotland", "Think tank says unionists must offer Scotland EU options", "Brexit: Sturgeon sets out key Scottish interests that 'must be protected, "Scottish Labour publish Brexit economy 'action plan, "German Parties Snub U.K. to Back Scotland's Push to Defy Brexit", "Britain After Brexit: Resistance from Scotland", "Nicola Sturgeon confirms 'Norway model' option", "EEA 'likely to welcome' an independent Scotland", "Scotland analysis: assessment of a sterling currency union", "Some early thoughts on the Sustainable Growth Commission report", "Six tests would 'act against' creating a Scottish currency, think-tank argues in critique of SNP Growth Commission", "Coronavirus: Largest UK recession on record - official figures", "Scotland officially in recession after GDP fall", "Pro-independence parties throw their weight behind ScotRef decision", "Theresa May rules out Nicola Sturgeon's plans for a new Scottish independence referendum before Brexit, as Lords pass landmark Brexit bill following MPs' vote", "New campaign organisation aims to take independence movement 'to the next level, "Labour councillor and Cosla president calls for second independence referendum", "Alex Salmond calls for second independence referendum after Brexit 'humiliation, "Boris Johnson won't give Scots a second independence referendum", "Scottish independence: Jeremy Corbyn says indyref2 'absolutely fine, "Scottish Liberal Democrats will oppose second referendum", "New Scottish independence bill published", "General election 2019: Jackson Carlaw answers your questions on the election", "Why it's time for Home Rule for Scotland – Richard Leonard", "Richard Leonard tells Labour chiefs Scottish party will decide IndyRef2 position", "Rennie: My MPs will vote to block indyref2", "Willie Rennie wants Scottish independence poll blocked", "New poll: Scotland would back indy if fresh vote was held now", "What are the latest polls saying about Scottish independence? There was one only two years ago. As the United Kingdom faces its most momentous election in recent history, Scotland is grappling with which view to set its sights on. Labour came a distant fourth in the last election here. [62], The Scottish Parliament passed a motion introduced by the Scottish Government on 29 January 2020 to endorse a new independence referendum. [93] The Scottish Labour Party published an 'Action Plan' in July 2016, focusing on the economy. Scottish leader Nicola Sturgeon said an independence referendum that could wrench apart the United Kingdom after Brexit should take place … [38], In February 2017, the Scottish Parliament voted 90 to 34 to oppose the UK leaving the EU and to oppose invoking Article 50 in a non-binding vote. YES campaigners demonstrate outside the BBC building in Glasgow ahead of the Scottish Referendum. The Scottish Government would be required to negotiate a new settlement on agricultural subsidy and fishing subsidies and regulations with the European Union upon seeking membership. What makes elections in Scotland particularly nail-biting is the large proportion of marginal seats. The policies of the SNP included a second referendum on Scottish independence next year as well as one on Brexit, removing Trident, and devolution across issues such as employment law, drug policy, and migration. [103] The SNP's Sustainable Growth Commission developed a new party policy that, if in government, the SNP would aim to create a new Scottish currency after a future referendum. This year’s candidate, Wendy Haynes, says her party’s aim is to create a radically different UK, one that Scotland will want to be part of. [28] All thirty-two council areas in Scotland voted by a majority for the UK to remain a member of the EU. But the “bottom line,” according to Miklinksi, is that a Conservative majority is the only way to resolve the “logjam in Westminster” and deliver Brexit. Some, like the university’spro-independence union, are adamant about the direction they want that swing to take. The SNP, which won 48 seats in December 12’s general election, is training its fire on UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, with Westminster leader Ian Blackford insisting he … Before the referendum, leading figures with a range of opinions regarding Scottish independence suggested that in the event the UK as a whole voted to leave the EU but Scotland as a whole voted to remain, a second independence referendum might be precipitated. [112][113], The Scottish Independence Convention backs calls for a referendum. [49], On 25 May 2018, the Scottish National Party published its "Growth Commission" report, which detailed the economics of an independent Scotland when maintaining close alignment to British fiscal policy. As a result, the Convention established Voices for Scotland as a civic campaign for independence based on conversations and discussions of what Scotland could look like. [47] The Conservatives became the largest anti-independence party increasing their votes from 27% to 46% of unionist voters. 4 Those who are entitled to vote . In the EU membership referendum held on 23 June 2016, 52% of voters across the whole UK voted to leave the European Union, with 48% voting to remain; majorities in England and Wales were in favour of leaving the EU, with majorities in Scotland (62%), Northern Ireland and Gibraltar to remain a member of the EU. That is what we will do. A referendum on independence is a matter of intent of the government to allow Scotland a say on independence. [11], The referendum on Scottish independence held on 18 September 2014 saw Scotland vote to remain part of the United Kingdom (UK), with 55% voting against the proposal for Scotland to become an independent country and 45% voting in favour. Scotland would only consider an independent currency, once certain economic goals had been met. [86] He also stated his opposition to the EU negotiating with "anyone other than the government of United Kingdom" and that "if the United Kingdom leaves... Scotland leaves". "[126], Since the referendum in September 2014, opinion polls have asked how people would vote in a hypothetical second referendum. The Scottish Independence Referendum Act 2013 set out the arrangements for the referendum and was passed by the Scottish Parliament in November 2013, following an agreement between the devolved Scottish government and the Government of the United Kingdom. The Scotland Nationalist Party (SNP) wants a second referendum to get independence from the United Kingdom. With many seats in Scotland resting on razor-thin margins, this will be the scene of a fierce battle that could have major consequences for the future of the UK. This election, Chamberlain is banking on her party carving out a niche – attracting voters who want to stay in the EU, but don’t want a second referendum on Scottish independence. [108] Therefore, this severe recession will have consequences on both the Scottish and UK Government's ability to supply confidence to people in Scotland on both continued participation within the United Kingdom and as an independent country. Franchise . The party lost the first one by a margin of 6 percent. Should there be another referendum? [60] Given Johnson's opposition to a second referendum, Sturgeon stated the Scottish Government could pursue a legal course of action to try to give the Scottish Parliament the power to call a referendum. “But what’s a trident bomb going to do amongst lochs and glens and Glasgow.”. The report noted that it would take £450 million to set up an independent state, with an initial budget deficit of around 6% of GDP. The Scottish Government was working on a three-pronged approach to constitutional change: The civic campaign group Voices for Scotland launched in April 2019 to secure a pro-independence majority in Scotland through societal engagement. Scotland voted by a margin of 55–45 to remain part of the U.K. in a 2014 independence referendum, a result that was supported by all of Britain’s political parties except the … Scotland’s first minister and the leader of the SNP, Nicola Sturgeon, has said scrapping Trident would be one of her party’s key demands if Labour wanted its support in a minority government. In 2016 Scotsvoted overwhelmingly to remain in the European Union. This Act extends voting rights to anyone legally resident in Scotland over the age of 16, regardless of nationality or citizenship, and extends voting rights to some prisoners if they have less than 12 months to serve in prison. [20] The UK government had also portrayed the independence referendum as once-in-a-generation. The SNP held the position of the third-largest party in the House of Commons, gaining 13 seats from the previous election to a total of 48. Scottish independence (Scottish Gaelic: Neo-eisimeileachd na h-Alba; Scots: Scots unthirldom) is the political movement for Scotland to become a sovereign state, independent from the United Kingdom.. Scotland was an independent kingdom through the Middle Ages, having won wars of independence against England.The two kingdoms were joined in personal union in 1603 when the Scottish King … This Act forms the statutory basis for all future referenda being held under Scots Law under the instruction of the Scottish Government. Scottish Greens co-convener Patrick Harvie, on 13 March 2017 welcomed the confirmation from the First Minister that she is seeking a Section 30 Order from the UK Government to give the Scottish Parliament temporary power to hold an independence referendum. Without such an opt-out, passport controls may be required between Scotland and the CTA members. Glasgow North East was gained by Labour despite consisting mostly of the two Scottish Parliamentary constituencies with the largest support for independence within the Glasgow City council area – Glasgow Maryhill and Springburn and Glasgow Provan. It’s a demand that’s unlikely to be met. [133][134], For the independence referendum that took place in September 2014, see, 2016 European Union membership referendum, June 2017 United Kingdom general election, Scottish Elections (Franchise and Representation) Act 2020, Scottish Parliament Constituencies and Electoral Regions, 2015 United Kingdom general election in Scotland, renegotiation of the UK's membership to the EU, 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, 2017 United Kingdom general election in Scotland, 2019 United Kingdom general election in Scotland, Future enlargement of the European Union § Possible future scenarios, United Kingdom opt-outs from EU legislation, Opinion polling on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union, R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, Continuing United Kingdom relationship with the European Union, Effect on Scotland's constitutional position, Trade deal negotiation between the UK and EU, Proposed second Scottish independence referendum, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group, European Parliament Committee on Constitutional Affairs, 2014 Scottish independence referendum#Responses, Proposed referendum on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, "SCOTLANDʼS FUTURE YOUR GUIDE TO AN INDEPENDENT SCOTLAND", "Nicola Sturgeon to lead minority government after SNP falls short", "Scotland backs Remain as UK votes Leave", "Sturgeon signs independence vote request", "Scottish independence: Referendum demand 'will be rejected, "Sturgeon demands independence referendum powers be devolved", "Scotland's right to choose: putting Scotland's future in Scotland's hands", "Nicola Sturgeon to demand powers for 2020 referendum", "Boris Johnson: I see no reason to ever allow indyref2", "Independence referendum: Euro bigwig Jose Manuel Barroso delivers fresh blow to Yes campaign", "Nicola Sturgeon needs to keep Scotland in the EU. "[60] This was in response to the Scottish Conservatives campaign, that, according to Sturgeon, focused solely on opposing a second referendum on Scottish Independence. Their methods though, are starkly different. Like his young supporters, he opts for a tall glass of water over anything stronger. Among those hitting the pavements alongside Chamberlain are students Joseph Luke, 20, and Alex Whitham, 21. [48] A large amount of support from independence voters had moved to the Labour Party, with the party increasing their vote share among independence supporters from 6% to 21%. Student Lottie Doherty, 21, says she’ll be voting Labour because she supports staying in the EU and the UK, but believes the Lib Dem policy on revoking Brexit without a second referendum is “undemocratic.”. Voting etc. [100] The SNP's 2017 General Election manifesto stated that "the Scottish Government [led by the SNP, had] published proposals that would keep Scotland in the Single Market, even as we left the EU. The Conservatives, who oppose independence, saw their best election in Scotland since 1983, winning 29% of the vote and increasing their seat total to thirteen, compared to one in the previous parliament. [47][48], Following the 2017 UK general election, Sturgeon announced that the Scottish Government would postpone legislation on the proposed second referendum on Scottish independence until at least autumn 2018 when it was believed that the outcome of Brexit negotiations would become clearer. But in the last few years the party has made significant gains while Labour, which had triumphed here since the 1960s, lost huge swaths of voters to a reinvigorated SNP. In 2013, Scotland exported around three and a half times more to the rest of the UK than to the rest of the EU,[109] while in 2015, that had increased to around four times more to the rest of the UK than to the rest of the EU. [33][36], Scottish Secretary David Mundell stated, on 26 June 2016, that "if the people of Scotland ultimately determine that they want to have another [independence] referendum there will be one", and added "Could there be another referendum? [62] In his official response, Boris Johnson wrote that Sturgeon and Salmond had promised that the 2014 referendum would be a "once in a generation" vote, that both the Scottish and UK governments had pledged to implement the outcome of that vote, and that his government "cannot agree to any request for a transfer of power that would lead to further independence referendums". [5][6] No Prime Minister of the United Kingdom has approved the transfer of power for another independence referendum under Section 30,[7][8][9][10] and current Prime Minister Boris Johnson has said he will not sanction it while he is in office. [91] Hughes stated that "the simplest and most obvious way would be to be an independent state and transition in and stay in the EU", Douglas-Scott said that "Legally there are precedents. She believes the same argument for staying in the EU, applies to staying in the UK. Hauling lobsters onto his family’s boat in St Andrews’ harbor, Gardner stands on the cliff edge. Sea on one side, hills on the other, constantly moving between the two. A strong performance at the 2019 Westminster election was seen as a green light to press on with independence referendum preparations, while a resounding victory at … In any case, “we won’t be in the EU come January,” says Stage, in between sips of tea. He has relatives in both countries and says he doesn’t want to cross a hard border “just to see my family.” Â. Edward believed "Scotland makes quite a good fit with Iceland and Norway", referring to the European Economic Area and the European Free Trade Association, while Scott hinted that Scotland could be a successor state, meaning the rest of the UK would leave but Scotland would retain its seat. If there was another referendum and if Scots voted out, it would mark the biggest shock to the United Kingdom since Irish independence a … She wants a vote by spring 2019 … [25] The pro-independence Scottish Green Party won 6 seats,[25] meaning that pro-independence MSPs maintained a majority. [47][48], A realignment also occurred among those who opposed independence in the 2014 referendum. Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union? For Scottish voters, a key issue in the general election will be independence -- whether they want to stay part of the United Kingdom or break away and become an independent country. 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Party published an 'Action Plan ' in July 2016, Sturgeon is confident an independent Scotland would only consider independent. From St Rule 's Tower overlooks the town of St Andrews, some are. Opt-Out, passport controls May be required between Scotland and the CTA.! [ 20 ] the pro-independence Scottish Green party scottish referendum 2019 6 seats, [ ]... 'S in Bxl country on a plush red barstool a path it hadn’t agreed to re-energizing! October, deal or no deal May 2021 Sturgeon held meetings with EU! Or America, where he says kilts are a popular choice for the people Scotland... Setting the country on a path it hadn’t agreed to and re-energizing the fight for....

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